Qutub Minar is the highest stone tower and one of the finest Islamic structures ever raised in India. It belongs to the 13th century. In 1199 work began on this tower which was intended to be the most glorious tower of victory in the world. This tower was damaged twice and repaired in 1326 and 1368. This tower was the prototype of all towers in India. Qutub Minar is the Delhi's recognised landmark.
Construction of Qutub Minar
Qutb-ud-din-Aibak was influenced by the brick victory pillars in Ghazni in Afghanistan, so he built the Qutub Minar in 1199 AD. The Qutub Minar is made up of red and buff sandstone. This tower also served as the minaret attached to the Might of Islam Mosque. From here the muezzin could call the people for the prayer. The building is 72.5 m high and has 379 steps from the bottom to the top. The Minar is tapering with the diameter of the base is 14.3 m while at the top floor it is 2.7 m. It took about two decades to complete this monument. Qutb-ud-din-Aibak raised the first
storey, to which were added three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shamsu'd-Din Iitutmish. It is a red sandstone tower covered with intricate carvings and deeply inscribed with verses from the holy
Quran. Beautiful calligraphy adorns the adjacent edifices. The tower has five distinct storeys, each storey surrounded by a projecting balcony. The first three storeys are made of red sandstone, the fourth and fifth of marble and sandstone. All the storeys are supported by stone brackets, which are decorated with honeycomb design. The first storey and its balcony has the curved and fluted design. The second storey has only curved design while the third storey has only fluted design.