Moti Masjid of Agra is situated inside the premises of the famous Red Fort of the city. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan got this magnificent monument built inside his fort. The construction work on the mosque was started in the year 1648 and was completed in 1654. Moti Masjid is built out of pure white marble, which gives the look of pearl color. Infact, it is this pearl color of the mosque that led to its naming as the Moti Masjid, with the term 'Moti' meaning 'Pearl' and 'Masjid' meaning 'Mosque'.
The architectural beauty of the Moti Masjid serves as the perfect example of the exquisite craftsmanship of the artisans of India. The mosque was intended to serve as the private worship place of the royal members of the court. It is situated near the 'Diwan-E-Aam', the hall where the emperor used to hold public audiences. The prayer hall of the mosque lies on its western side. Moti Masjid of India is flanked, on the northern, the southern as well as the eastern side, by a porch, which is adorned with twelve pillars and an arch.